Jesus set the example: He, refusing to strike back, died for the entire world. Almost every picture of our band caught Pete out of step. Romans 13:9. As an example of the entire law, Paul lists four of the Ten Commandments, those forbidding adultery, murder, stealing, and coveting. KJ21. Even lawful acts may on occasion cause other brethren to stumble or be made weak. God offers a full pardon and complete justification as a gift to all who will trust in Jesus Christ (Rom. 2. Law, of and by itself, provides neither enough nor the right motivation for one to keep it. Romans 13:9-10 The commandments, “You shall not commit adultery,” “You shall not murder,” “You shall not steal,” “You shall not covet,” and whatever other command there may be, are summed up in this one command: “Love your neighbor as yourself.” What does Romans 9:13 mean? Haldane's Exposition on the Epistle to the Romans and Hebrews, John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament, Expository Notes with Practical Observations on the New Testament, Greek Testament Critical Exegetical Commentary, Heinrich Meyer's Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament, Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament, Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible, Alexander MacLaren's Expositions of Holy Scripture, Justin Edwards' Family Bible New Testament, Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged, Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers, Hodge's Commentary on Romans, Ephesians and First Corintians, Old Testament Quotations in the New Testament. While a full analysis of the argument of the text at hand is beyond the scope of this essay, a brief trace of the thought-flow of Romans 13:1-7 will aid in comprehension of its contextually-appropriate meaning. However, as long as we view love merely as the keeping of God's laws, we are stuck on a low-level, letter-of-the-law approach to righteousness. Of what level was the love of the fallen woman who washed Christ's feet with her tears, wiped them with her hair, kissed them with her lips, and anointed them with costly oil? Young's I can still see Pete shuffling his feet, trying to get back in step with the rest of the band. Paul names four commandments which have to do with human relationships. In this brief but extremely rich passage, Paul tells us that as Christians we are all “morning people.” The time is just before dawn, the sky is brightening, the alarm is ringing, day is at hand. Romans 13:9-12. There is the approach which says, "Prove that I am wrong." Romans 12:17-20 We must be more scrupulous within the limits of the common idea of indebtedness, and also infinitely widen the range within which it operates. This daily newsletter provides a starting point for personal study, and gives valuable insight into the verses that make up the Word of God. Romans 12:1,2 . Romans 13:1 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] Romans 13:1, NIV: "Let everyone be subject to the governing authorities, for there is no authority except that which God has established.The authorities that exist have been established by God." The Christian and government. Martin G. Collins Martin G. Collins 1. That is most assuredly a vital and necessary aspect of love, but there is far more to love. See what over 145,000 subscribers are already receiving each day. Herodion: a Christian at Rome whom Paul salutes and calls his “kinsman” (Rom. This is the … He should submit to and honor human government as God's agents in managing human affairs. Revelation 2:14-15. Other instances in the Bible are:…. Paul’s Summary and Free Will Romans 13:9 For this, Thou shalt not commit adultery, Thou shalt not kill, Thou shalt not steal, Thou shalt not bear false witness, Thou shalt not covet; and if there be any other commandment, it is briefly comprehended in this saying, namely, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself. Before describing these scales, each of assessed a value to our life's meaning if it ended today (scale 1 - 100). He insists that we must never allow vindictiveness, the desire to get even with someone for a suffered wrong, to drive us. Romans 13:9-10 The Message (MSG). This obligation comes out of the realization of what Christ did for us. Self-control provides the ability to resist what may cause pain to others. Passover, Obligation, and Love. Amplified® Luke : Other instances in the Bible are: Matthew 7:12, Luke 6:31, Leviticus 19:18 and Galatians 5:14. Romans 13 is the thirteenth chapter of the Epistle to the Romans in the New Testament of the Christian Bible.It is authored by Paul the Apostle, while he was in Corinth in the mid 50s AD, with the help of an amanuensis (secretary), Tertius, who adds his own greeting in Romans 16:22. That level of love can be merely one of compulsion, and be done in a "just because" attitude: "I must love this person, but I don't have to like them." 1 Peter : Somebody must be willing to do this if there will be peace. Paul now proves the last statement made in 13:8, i.e. Romans 13:9 Context. Darby Romans 13:10. Paul sums it all up in love. In the background is the tacit negative amplification of: “Do not give them what is not their due.” “Taxes” and “revenue” seem clearly due the state. Earlier, Paul admonished, “Therefore I urge you, brothers, by the mercies of God, to present your bodies a living sacrifice, holy, acceptable to God, which is your spiritual service. Because if we want to be in God's Kingdom, it can only happen without the spirit of murder dwelling in us, and those evil retaliations are the spirit of murder. Acts 15:28-29 He writes, “Pay to all what is due them — taxes to whom taxes are due, revenue to whom revenue is due, respect to whom respect is due, honor to whom honor is due” (Romans 13:7, … Continue reading "Commentary on Romans 13:8-14" Romans 13:8-14 EXEGESIS: ROMANS 12-15. This may suffice for a while, but Paul, by drawing upon Christ's teaching, unveils an entirely new significance to the concept of obligation. On the one hand, he says that we should owe no man anything that he can rightfully claim from us. Love is what initiated God's redemption plan for us. If we hate someone, we break the sixth commandment. + 2 Therefore, whoever opposes * the authority has taken a stand against the arrangement of God; those who have taken a stand against it will bring judgment against themselves. When you love others, you complete what the law has been after all along. Those in Christ must be "submissive" or "subject to" human authorities in the government. In verse 8, Paul has presented us with an interesting paradox. Acting according to the dictates of the way of love, our lives conform to the image of Christ, as we conform to the law. Why are we called to react this way? A.F.V The example of the clay and the potter may very well be a reference to Jeremiah 18, where Israel is the clay and God is the Potter. Romans 13 – A Christian’s Obligation to Government A. Did not our failure to meet our obligations to God and man accrue for us an unpayable debt? 4. Why is it that we are to subject ourselves to them in this way (Romans 13:1)? The general command to submit to the authorities is found in 13:1a, and is reiterated in 13:5. Romans 13:10 [⇑ See verse text ⇑] This quote from Malachi 1:2–3 contains a startling statement. Such a God pleasing conduct begins back in (Ro 12:1-note) with a "holistic" (all of one's self) presentation of one's self, followed by and manifests by an transformation or spiritual metamorphosis as it were (Ro 12:2-note), as evidenced by one's outward behavior in conformity with the practical exhortations found in Romans 12:3-note through Romans 13:9-note. What does Romans 13:9 mean? Love is the motivating power that frees and enables us to serve and sacrifice with largeness of heart and generosity of spirit. Marching requires unity—people doing the same thing at the same time. This daily newsletter provides a starting point for personal study, and gives valuable insight into the verses that make up the Word of God. 8 Owe no man any thing, but to love one another: for he that loveth another hath fulfilled the law. If I were to look in my high school annual for a picture of our band marching, I could almost guarantee that one of our band members—a trombone player named Pete—would be out of step. This includes some specific applications. Romans 13:9. > ROMANS 13:1-14 CHRISTIANS having become the subjects of a kingdom which is not of this world, might ... — The meaning of this is plain, as well as of wantonness, which refers to all licentiousness, in its most extensive import. The paradox, however, is more apparent than real because this is not what Paul is teaching. Martin G. Collins We must be more scrupulous within the limits of the customary concept of indebtedness, and we must infinitely widen the range within which they operate. Thus, we exercise self-control for others, as well as for ourselves. 15 sWewhoarestrongthaveanobligationtobearwiththefailingsoftheweak,andnottopleaseourselves.2 uLet… In each of his church epistles Paul pays much attention to instructing believers in our personal consecration, our reasonable service, our spiritual giftings and our relationship with our brothers and sisters in Christ. For this, Thou shalt not commit adultery, Thou shalt not kill, Thou shalt not steal, Thou shalt not bear false witness, Law describes moral standards. The meaning of Paul’s five exhortations here is somewhat enigmatic. This approach suggests that if a religious belief or practice cannot be proven wrong, then it must be right. It is time to rouse our minds from slumber, to be alert to what God is doing in the … Continue reading "Commentary on Romans … (1-2) Government’s legitimate authority and the Christian’s response. Romans 13:1-14 Bible Study: Submission to Government and Love reminds believers of their responsibility to submit to the government under which they live and practical ways to love those around them. Godly Scale. 1. Who are we to subject ourselves to (Romans 13:1)? We see the law embodied in Christ, and our imitation of Christ involves obedience to the law, but we fulfill the law, not simply as a standard outside, but as a living principle within. When you love others, you complete what the law has been after all along. Love is the motivating power that frees and enables us to serve and sacrifice with largeness of heart and generosity of spirit. ROMANS 13:9 “love thy neighbour as thyself” KING JAMES VERSION (KJV) TRANSLATION, MEANING, CONTEXT. N.A.S.B. An Unpayable Debt and Obligation. Thought precedes action and hatred precedes murder. Do not misunderstand, keeping God's law is a necessary aspect of love, but love is far more complex. Romans 13:9. Other Forerunner Commentary entries containing Romans 13:9: Genesis 30:29-33 Romans 13:9-10 The commandments, “You shall not commit adultery,” “You shall not murder,” “You shall not steal,” “You shall not covet,” and whatever other command there may be, are summed up in this one command: “Love your neighbor as yourself.” Love does no … Inherent in this debt is that no matter how much we pay on it each day, when we wake up the next day, the debt is restored, and we owe just as much as we did the day before! The only debt that we should have is the debt to love one another. Hence, there is no justification for interpreting Romans 9 as though it were trying to teach us anything about how God saves or damns individuals. He is teaching that love must be the driving force, the motivation, of everything we do. Therefore love is the fulfillment of the law" (Romans 13:8-10) Love is an incredible thing. By the way, Paul addresses the issue of retaliation four times in Romans 12, which begins by stating that we are to be living sacrifices and not to conform to this world's ways. John W. Ritenbaugh He is supposed to have been the private secretary of the emperor Claudius. If we hate someone, we break the sixth commandment. Paul has just established that God chose between Jacob and Esau which of them would receive the covenant promises and which would serve the other. 16:11). These and any others are summed up in LOVE. Study Romans 9 using Matthew Henry’s Bible Commentary (concise) to better understand Scripture with full outline and verse meaning. The Sixth Commandment. 8 Owe no man any thing, but to love one another: for he that loveth another hath fulfilled the law. By this, he extends and intensifies the concept of obligation. In the first part of Romans 13, Paul addresses what those in the Christian community owe the civil authorities. John W. Ritenbaugh The paradox is more apparent than real because love is not merely one's duty added to others, but is the inclusive framework within which all duties should be performed. Paul presents us with an interesting paradox. 6 For for this cause pay ye tribute also: for they are God's ministers, attending continually upon this very thing. The little phrase “their dues” allows for discernment on the part of the Christians. The Sixth Commandment. It is implied by this negative form that the directions toward wrong are innumerable, and man’s impulses toward them as countless. 16:11). We must not read it to mean that if a man has this principle of love firmly embedded in his nature, it will help him to keep the law, but that it is tantamount to the actual fulfilment of the law. The law of Christ is a rule of life for believers. Luke 10:27 This verse covers the Golden Rule or law of reciprocity which is the principle of treating others as you would wish to be treated. John W. Ritenbaugh Romans 5:8 puts it, “But God demonstrates His own love toward us, in that while we were yet sinners, Christ died for us.” Christ had to die to pay the just penalty for our sin that we deserved. There are two very basic, but quite different approaches to applying the Scripture's teaching to our lives. The commandments are proscribed as rules of life. With the clarity that death brings to living, we looked at two measures of life's meaning: Worldly Scale. This debt is one of love, paid by keeping God's law, and this Paul illustrates by quoting several of the Ten Commandments! When we pay them, a Christian is no longer financially indebted to the state until it imposes taxes the following year. Thought precedes action and hatred precedes murder. Love is the essence of the spirit of God's law. 6 For for this cause pay ye tribute also: for they are God's ministers, attending continually upon this very thing. A.S.V. Aristobulus: a Roman mentioned in Paul’s Epistle to the Romans (Rom. I would also add that Pharaoh hardened his own heart prior to God hardening it. This goes back to the previous verses identifying that we should pay what we owe, whether taxes, salaries, honor or respect ( Romans 13:7 ). He is not saying a Christian should never owe anybody money, but that there is a debt we owe to every person that we should strive to pay every day. аключаются в сем слове. A Christian is indebted to the government to pay tribute and taxes. Let every soul be subject to the governing authorities. K.J.V. The Law's Purpose and Intent. Commandment keeping is compulsory and can be done in an "only because" attitude, one that concludes, "I must love the person, but I don't have to like him." Romans 13 continues to describe what that Christlike sacrifice looks like. Romans : It is not self-evident that all refer to what is owed to the state. Romans 13:9-10 The Message (MSG) 8-10 Don’t run up debts, except for the huge debt of love you owe each other. If we have these evil traits in our hearts, we are fostering the spirit of murder. The context is a Christian's response to government. Romans 13:9 NIV Romans 13:9 NLT Romans 13:9 ESV Romans 13:9 NASB Romans 13:9 KJV Romans 13:9 BibleApps.com Romans 13:9 Biblia Paralela Romans 13:9 Chinese Bible Romans 13:9 French Bible Romans 13:9 Clyx Quotations NT Letters: Romans 13:9 For … He does not say love ends the need for law but that it fulfills—performs or accomplishes—the law. Drawing upon Christ's teaching, Paul gives an entirely new significance to the idea of obligation. The law code—don’t sleep with another person’s spouse, don’t take someone’s life, don’t take what isn’t yours, don’t always be wanting what you don’t have, and any other “don’t” you can think of—finally adds up to … They ar They are mutually exclusive, and both ways cannot be correct, but one of them is. This sets up an interesting paradox because we owe everyone more than we can ever hope to pay. 8-10 Don’t run up debts, except for the huge debt of love you owe each other. Our exegesis needs to take into account four things: 1) the context of Malachi 1:2; 2) the context of Romans 9:13; 3) the verse itself, and 4) the covenantal realities that both of these texts communicate. 7 Render therefore to all their dues: tribute to whom tribute is due; custom to whom custom; fear to whom fear; honour to whom honour. The source of murder comes from the heart (mind, the core of an individual's character) where hate and anger are festered by Satan. Paul then adds the statement "and any other command." Narcissus: daffodil, a Roman whom Paul salutes (Rom. Romans 13:9 “love thy neighbour as thyself”: Translation, Meaning, Context. Romans 13:9 For this, "YOU SHALL NOT COMMIT ADULTERY, YOU SHALL NOT MURDER, YOU SHALL NOT STEAL, ... Jesus broadened the meaning of adultery to include not just acts but thoughts, explaining "You have heard that it was said, 'YOU SHALL NOT COMMIT ADULTERY' but I say to you, that everyone who looks on a woman to lust for her has committed adultery with her already in his … that love of neighbor fulfills the law"s … The source of murder comes from the heart (mind, the core of an individual's character) where hate and anger are festered by Satan. Strife and envy. finds its standard expression in the decalogue, as the due performance of the decalogue requires, as its source and spring, love in the heart. Compare all. 7 Render therefore to all their dues: tribute to whom tribute is due; custom to whom custom; fear to whom fear; honour to whom honour. For this, thou shalt not commit adultery. But on the other hand, we must owe everyone more than we can hope to pay, that is, perfect love. They are also to stand aloof from all venturesome speculations and rash engagements, and whatever may expose them to the danger of not rendering to all their due. Read Introduction to Romans 9 For the commandments, “You shall not commit adultery,” “You shall not murder,” “You shall not steal,” “You shall not bear false witness,” “You shall not covet,” and if there is any other commandment, are all summed up in this saying, namely, “You shall love your neighbor as yourself.”. Self-restraint and obedience to God's law is realized in outgoing concern for others that exceeds and rules over our own self-interest. The Fruit of the Spirit: Love. I.S.V. We must be careful to understand the real meaning of the text. Only He fully knows and understands every facet of the circumstances and can judge perfectly. He extends and intensifies the concept of obligation. Study Romans 13 using Matthew Henry’s Bible Commentary (concise) to better understand Scripture with full outline and verse meaning. NASB E-Prime Love, therefore, is the fulfillment of the law. Romans 13:9 For this, Thou shalt not commit adultery, Thou shalt not kill, Thou shalt not steal, Thou shalt not covet, and if there be any other commandment, it is summed up in this word, namely, Thou shalt love thy neighbor as thyself. Now he begins to explain what he meant by that statement. THE CONTEXT. Romans 13:9 For this, Thou shalt not commit adultery, Thou shalt not kill, Thou shalt not steal, Thou shalt not bear false witness, Thou shalt not covet; and if there be any other commandment, it is briefly comprehended in this saying, namely, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself. Matthew 24:12-13 [“DO not give false testimony” is omitted in most of the manuscripts.]. And we, having received the love of Christ, living in His love, see the law not as a stern, condemning taskmaster but as an appealing, bright vision of understanding and blessing. This form of the decalogue locates the obedience in the heart, and not in the outward limb, and substitutes the positive for the negative form, and concentrates it into the briefest, most portable, and most practical form. Notice love's relationship to law in context with what immediately precedes it. If we view love as just the keeping of God's laws, we are stuck on a low-level, letter-of-the-law approach to righteousness. Although a band or an or… The Berean: Daily Verse and Comment Sign up for the Berean: Daily Verse and Comment, and have Biblical truth delivered to your inbox. James 2:11-13 (Read Romans 13:8-10) Christians must avoid useless expense, and be careful not to contract any debts they have not the power to discharge. Paul's instructions take a surprising turn in the first half of the chapter. The picture should be clear. To properly understand what God means when he says “hate” in Romans 9:13 we need to do some exegetical work. Christ's non-retaliatory remedy is ultimately for everybody's benefit, but until He returns, the standards He set can be met and lived only by those who, like Jesus, have the Spirit of God, are living by faith, and are enabled to keep God's ways by God Himself. Romans 13:9 Context. Was it not our failure to meet our obligations to God and man that accrued the unpayable debt in the first place? See what over 145,000 subscribers are already receiving each day. 3:21-26). 16:10), whose “household” is saluted. For "this" law just mentioned (). ASV. This points out a weakness of law regarding righteousness. This verse covers the Golden Rule or law of reciprocity which is the principle of treating others as you would wish to be treated. Now that the debt has been paid, we are under obligation, not only to strive to avoid falling into the same trap, but to expand and perfect the giving of love. When we love, we have found the true principle of obedience, the true spirit of the holy law. We are not to take vengeance because God has retained that responsibility to Himself. In these verses, Paul injects love into the context of law, showing that it is the sum of all duties. The meaning of Malachi’s phrase, then, is simply that God preferred Israel over Edom to be the people he wanted to work with to reach out to the world. Paul's counsel to the congregation in Rome (Romans 12:17-20; 13:8-10) is clearly in line with what Jesus taught. This paradox is more apparent than real, because love is not an added duty but the inclusive framework within which all duties should be done. On the one hand, he states that we should owe no man anything that he can rightfully claim from us, yet on the other hand, we must owe everyone more than we can hope to pay—perfect love. Romans 13:13(NASB) Verse Thoughts. Now that the debt has been paid, we are obliged not only to strive to avoid further indebtedness, but also to expand and perfect the giving of love. John W. Ritenbaugh The negative form forbids every possible course but the right one, and so hems us in to the right. Is that not the way it should be? If we have these evil traits in our hearts, we are fostering the spirit of murder. It is the assertion of a fact. To the Romans 13 Let every person be in subjection to the superior authorities, + for there is no authority except by God; + the existing authorities stand placed in their relative positions by God. In the same vein, Peter taught that we must not repay evil with evil, insult with insult, but we must bless (I Peter 3:8-9). Right doing, as a permanent life, can only flow from right feeling. [⇑ See verse text ⇑] Paul has written in the previous verse that the person who loves another has fulfilled the law. 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